History Print


AfarBilen Hidarb Kunama Nara Raishadiya saho1 Tigre Tigre tigrigna
Eritrea has been occupied since the 8th millennium BC when migrations included the Nilotic people from the Nile, the Cushitic element arrived with successive waves of Hamitic stock and the southern Arabian tribes I introduced the Semetic element. The Semetic language evolved into Ge'ez from which Tigre and Tigrigna are derived. In the 4th Century AD Christianity was officially introduced into the area. During the early Islamic period, the trail of Sahaba was established when a group of Mohammed's companions (Sahaba) travelled from Mecca to Massawa and inland Eritrea, to escape persecution. The 16th century was marked by continual attempts by the Turks to extend their influence on the Eritrean coast. The Italian colonizers landed in Massawa in 1885. The Italian colonial era lasted until 1941 when they were defeated by the British who, in turn, governed Eritrea until the UN decided on Eritrea's future, namely, to make it an autonomous unit federated to Ethiopia.

Following the annexation to Ethiopia in 1962, the first organized Eritrean resistance was established, followed by armed struggle that ended with the establishment of an independent Nation in 1991.

Eritrea became an independent country through a UN supervised referendum in April 1993, which was supported by 99.80% of the population. This followed the victory of 1991, after 30 years of war against Ethiopia.